Different educators, scholars, and philosophers at different times give different definitions of educational technology. Instructional technologies are a multifaceted and integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, devices, and organizations in which technologies from a variety of scientific fields are tailored to the need for education and the need to implement, evaluate, and manage solutions to these related problems. to all aspects of human learning.
Educational technologies have gone through a wide variety of stages.
The first stage of the teaching techniques corresponds to the use of tools such as letters, maps, symbols, patterns, samples, and concrete materials. The term educational technology has been used synonymously with audiovisual aid.
The second stage of educational technologies relates to the “electronic revolution” with the introduction and creation of complex hardware and software. The use of various audiovisual tools such as projectors, magic lanterns, tape recorders, radio, and television is a revolutionary change in the educational scene. As a result, the concept of educational technology has been revived in relation to these modern tools and equipment for the effective presentation of educational materials.
The fourth stage of educational technologies can be determined by the individual educational process. Created a self-learning system based on self-explanatory materials and learning machines.
The most recent concept of educational technologies is influenced by the concept of systems engineering or systems approach, which focuses on language labs, textbooks, programmed education, multimedia technologies, and the use of computers in education. Teaching techniques are a systematic way to design, implement, and evaluate a comprehensive educational and training process for specific research purposes.
Educational techniques in the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age
Educational technologies, despite the uncertainty about the origin of the term, dating back to the three-year period of prehistoric human history. Stone, Bronze, and Iron Age.
During the Stone Age, burning by rubbing stones, production of various handguns, stone tools, and clothing was an extremely important practice. Few Stone Age people developed the ocean-level rowing technique to migrate across the ocean from one place to another, developing the first informal training on sea currents, atmospheric conditions, navigational exercises, astronomy, and charts. During the late agricultural practices of the Stone Age (Neolithic), polished stone tools were made from various huge rocks by digging underground tunnels, which can be considered the first steps in mining technology. Polished oysters are so effective that even after the appearance of bronze and iron, people use them to clean the forest and create crops.
Iron Age people replaced bronze and developed knowledge of smelting casting technology to reduce the cost of living as iron objects became stronger and cheaper than their bronze counterparts. In many Eurasian cultures, the Iron Age was the last period to develop writings.
Educational techniques in the period of ancient civilizations.
There is a long-running debate to make sure people speak the language. His writing was supposed to be at least a script that seems to have about 400 main characters, with many variations. People write their text with the direction usually from right to left. Most writings are found on stamps and philately, which may have been used in commercial, official, and administrative matters.